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初一英语上册知识点介绍

栏目分类:在线英语培训   发布日期:2019-05-23   浏览次数:

本文是根据初一英语课本知识,整理出来的上册知识点,再三精简,留下一些在生活中常见的,在考试中常考的内容。详细看完,你的初一英语会更上一层楼。

初一英语上册知识点介绍

1、Unit 1 --Unit 2

(1)问候语:Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.How are you?---Just OK, thank you. How are you?---Not bad, thanks.Hi! Hello!How do you do?

(2)道别用语:Nice/ Glad to meet/ see you.(meet用于初次见面,see用于熟人间)Niceto meet/ see you, too.Goodbye. Byebye.Bye. See you (later/ tomorrow/ next time)! So long! Good night!

(3)介绍人或者物的句型:This is...

(4)Excuse me.与I'm sorry.的区别:Excuse me.是要引起对方的注意,而I'm sorry.则是向对方道歉。

(5)词组be from = come from

(6)当问句中问到this/ that时,回答要用it;问到these/ those时,要用they来回答。 例如: What's this in English?----It's an eraser.What are those?----They are books.

(7)对Thanks.的回答:That's OK./ You're welcome./ My pleasure.

(8)look the same = have the same looksgive sth. to sb. = give sb. sth.be like = look likein the tree/ on the tree (树上结的、长出来的用on,否则用in)in red(穿着红色的衣服)in the desk(在空间范围之内)in English(用英语)help sb. do sth.(9)both与all的区别:both表示"两者都......";all表示"三者及以上都......"。

2、Unit 3--Unit 4

(1)speak的用法speak与say不同:speak表示"说"的动作,不表示"说"的内容;say则表示"说"的内容。speak后面除了能接"语言"外,不能直接接东西,后面加了to则表示"对......说"。help sb. with sth.(帮助某人做/补习......)want to do sth.(想要做某事)would like to do sth.not...at all(一点都不);Not at all.(没关系/别介意)like...a lot = like...very much

(2)some和any的区别:口诀:some用于肯定句,否定、疑问变any。例如:I have some money.I don't have any money.Do you have any money?

(3)have a seat = take a seat(请随便坐)

(4)祈使句(表示命令或请求的句子)祈使句一般都省略了主语You,所以其否定句直接用Don't开头。例如:Don't go there!

(5)问职业:What does sb. do?What is sb.?What's sb.'s job?

(6)work与job的区别:work是未必有报酬的"工作",例如homework, housework;而job则一定是有报酬的"工作"。

(7)on指在物体的表面,不论这个面是否水平的,例如:on the desk/ wall/ farm/ playground

(8)in hospital(住院);in the hospital(在医院里)look after(照料/照顾/照看)help oneself(请自便/随便吃)

(9)表示"建议"的句型:"做某事如何?"What about (doing) sth.? (英式英语)How about (doing) sth.? (美式英语)Why don't you do sth.? = Why not do sth.?

(10)"吃"一日三餐要用have:have breakfast/ lunch/ supperhave...for breakfast/ lunch/ suppertake one's orderbe kind to sb.

(11)try on这个词组可合可分:名词可以放在这个词组的中间或后面,但代词只能放在词组的中间。

(12)在口语中往往用take表示"买"。

(13)how many与how much的区别:how many + 可数名词;how much + 不可数名词

(14)What do you think of...? 是询问对方对某事物的看法;How do you like...? 是问对方对某事物喜欢的程度。think about(考虑)Thank you all the same. (即使对方没能帮上忙,也要礼貌道谢)Thanks. = Thank you.(thank作为动词,不能单独使用。)

(15)one与it的区别:当上下文说的是同一种类事物时,任意一个可以用one来代替;如果上下文所说的是同一个事物时则用it。例如:Ann :I have a yellow bag.Jane :I have a green one.Tom : Hey, Mike. Where is your bike?Mike : Look, it's over there.

(16)倒装句Here you are.Here it is.

(17)be free (有空/免费)forget to do sth.(忘了去做某事)forget doing sth.(忘了做过某事)What's up? = What's wrong with...? = What's the matter with...?

(18)go + v.-ing结构的含义:为了实现某目的才去的。例如:go fishing/ boating/ swimming/ shopping等

(19)have to do sth.(非主观因素,强调客观因素,"不得不去做某事")must 则表示主观愿望

(20)fly a kite = fly kitesbe free = have time

(21)句型"该干某事了。":It's time to do sth. = It's time for sth.例如:该吃午饭了.It's time to have lunch. = It's time for lunch.

(22)时间的表述当分针所指的时间大于0分、小于等于30分钟时,用"分钟"past"小时"。

例如:8:23--twenty-three past eight当分针所指的时间大于30分钟、小于60分钟时,用"剩余的时间"to"下一个整点"。例如:8:49--eleven to nine当然,还可以直接按照小时、分钟去读出时间,例如:8:23--eight twenty-three; 8:49--eight forty-nine整点则在数词后加"-o'clock",例如:8:00--eight o'clock在钟点前介词要用at.

以上就是初一英语上册知识点的全部内容,整理进你的笔记,再也不用翻书,了解初一英语更简单。


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