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英语有趣的学习单词的方法,英语雅思托福考试常用精选

栏目分类:雅思托福   发布日期:2019-02-14   浏览次数:
学英语有乐趣才能有热情,来点小方法让背单词的事儿,变得有意思,小编今天就给大家看看英语单词,有兴趣的可以阅读一下

  最易记住的10个英文单词

  1、衙门:Yamen

  中文解释:衙门,旧时称官署为衙门,古时也常用来象征武力。

  英文解释:A yamen was the administrative office and/or residence of a local bureaucrat or mandarin in imperial China. Ayamen can also be any governmental office or body headed by a mandarin, at any level of government: the offices of one the Six Ministries is a yamen, but so is a prefectural magistracy. The term has been widely used in China for centuries, but appeared in English during the Qing dynasty.

  2、罗盘: Luopan

  中文解释:罗盘,是用于风水探测的工具,理气宗派常用的操作工具。罗盘主要由位于盘中央的磁针和一系列同心圆圈组成,每一个圆圈都代表着中国古人对于宇宙大系统中某一个层次信息的理解。

  英文解释:Luopan is a Chinese magnetic compass, also known as a Feng Shui compass. It is used by a Feng Shui consultant to determine the precise direction of a structure or other item. Since the invention of the compass for use in Feng Shui,traditional feng shui has required its use.

  3、牌楼:Pailou

  中文解释:牌楼也叫牌坊,汉族传统建筑之一。最早见于周朝,最初用于旌表节孝的纪念物,后来在园林、寺观、宫苑、陵墓和街道均有建造,北京是中国牌楼最多的城市。

  英文解释:Paifang, a traditional Chinese architectural form like an archway. The word paifang was originally a collective term for the top two levels of administrative division and subdivisions of ancient Chinese cities. The largest division within a city in ancient China was a fang (Chinese: 坊), equivalent to a current day precinct.

  4、豆腐:Tofu

  中文解释:豆腐是一种以黄豆为主要原料的食物,起源于中国,在越南、日本和朝鲜半岛也很普遍。豆腐是我国炼丹家、淮南王刘安发明的绿色健康食品。时至今日,已有二千一百多年的历史,深受我国人民、周边各国、及世界人民的喜爱。

  英文解释:Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food made by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks. Tofu has a subtle flavor and can be used in savory and sweet dishes. Tofu originated in Han dynasty China some 2,000 years ago. Chinese legend ascribes its invention to prince Liu An (179–122 BC).

  5、功夫:Kung Fu

  中文解释:中国功夫也称中国武术,是以技击为主要内容,以套路和搏斗为运动形式,注重内外兼修的中国传统体育项目,是中国人民长期积累起来的一宗宝贵文化遗产。

  英文解释:Chinese martial arts, which are called kung fu or gung fu (/ˈkʊŋ ˈfuː/) (Chinese: 功夫) and wushu (武術), are a number of fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as "families" (家; jiā), "sects" (派; pài) or "schools" (門; mén) of martial arts.

  6、太极拳:Tai Chi

  中文解释:太极拳,国家级非物质文化遗产, 是以中国传统儒、道哲学中的太极、阴阳辩证理念为核心思想,集颐养性情、强身健体、技击对抗等多种功能为一体,结合易学的阴阳五行之变化,中医经络学,古代的导引术和吐纳术形成的一种内外兼修、柔和、缓慢、轻灵、刚柔相济的汉族传统拳术。

  英文解释:Often shortened to t'ai chi, taiji or tai chi in English usage, T'ai chi ch'uan or tàijíquán is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its healthbenefits. Though originally conceived as a martial art, it is also typically practiced for a variety of other personal reasons: competitive wrestling in the format of Pushing Hands (Tui Shou), demonstration competitions, and achieving greater longevity.

  7、麻将:Mahjong

  中文解释:麻将,一种汉族发明的益智游戏,麻将类娱乐用具,用竹子、骨头或塑料制成的小长方块,上面刻有花纹或字样,每副136张。四人骨牌博戏,流行于华人文化圈中。不同地区的游戏规则稍有不同。麻将的牌式主要有“饼(文钱)”、“条(索子)”、“万(万贯)”等。

  英文解释:Mahjong, also spelled majiang, mah jongg, and numerous other variants, is a game that originated in China. It is commonly played by four players (with some three-player variations found inSouth Korea and Japan). The game is played with a set of 144 tiles based on Chinese characters and symbols, although some regional variations use a different number of tiles.

  8、叩头:Kowtow

  中文解释:扣头,指叩头,磕头。

  英文解释:Kowtow, which is borrowed from kau tau in Cantonese (koutou in Mandarin Chinese), is the act of deep respect shown by prostration, that is, kneeling and bowing so low as to have one's head touching the ground. An alternative Chinese term is ketou; however, the meaning is somewhat altered: kou has the general meaning of knock, whereas ke has the general meaning of "touch upon (a surface)", tou meaning head.

  9、风水:Feng shui

  中文解释:相传风水的创始人是九天玄女,比较完善的风水学问起源于战国时代。风水的核心思想是人与大自然的和谐,早期的风水主要关乎宫殿、住宅、村落、墓地的选址、座向、建设等方法及原则,为选择合适的地方的一门学问。风水有两种释义,其一水肿病的一种,多由风邪侵袭,肺气失于宣降、不能通调水道、水湿潴留体内所致。其二指住宅基地、坟地等的自然形势,如地脉、山水的方向等的体系。

  英文解释:Feng shui is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. The term feng shui literally translates as "wind-water" in English. The feng shui practice discusses architecture in metaphoric terms of "invisible forces" that bind the universe, earth, and humanity together, known as qi.

  10、算盘:Suan pan

  中文解释:算盘,又作祘盘,珠算盘是我们祖先创造发明的一种简便的计算工具,珠算盘起源于北宋时代,北宋串档算珠。中国是算盘的故乡,在计算机已被普遍使用的今天,古老的算盘不仅没有被废弃,反而因它的灵便、准确等优点,在许多国家方兴未艾。因此,人们往往把算盘的发明与中国古代四大发明相提并论,北宋名画《清明上河图》中赵太丞家药铺柜就画有一架算盘。

  英文解释:The Suan Pan is an abacus of Chinese origin first described in a 190 CE book of the Eastern Han Dynasty, namely Supplementary Notes on the Art of Figures written by Xu Yue. However, the exact design of this suanpan is not known. Usually, a suanpan is about 20 cm tall and it comes in various widths depending on the application. It usually has more than seven rods. There are two beads on each rod in the upper deck and five beads on each rod in the bottom deck.

  3分钟教你学会背单词

  Here's How:怎么做:

  1. Choose a subject area that interests you very much.

  选择一个你感兴趣的话题。

  2. Write a short introduction to the subject trying to use as many vocabulary words concerning the subject as possible.

  写一个关于这个话题的简短介绍,尽量多地用上与这个话题有关的词汇。

  3. Using your introduction, arrange the principle ideas concerning the subject into a vocabulary tree.

  用你自己写的介绍整理出与此话题相关的主要概念,并制作一个单词树状图。

  4. To create a vocabulary tree, put the subject at the center of a piece of paper.

  在纸张中心写上主题名称来绘制单词树状图。

  5. Around the central subject, put the principle areas relating to the subject. Example - verbs, descriptive adjectives, where, etc.

  围绕中心话题,划分出与主题相关的几个区域,比如:动词、描述性形容词、地点等等。

  6. In each of these categories, write the appropriate vocabulary. If you need to, write sub-categories.

  在每一个分类下,写上恰当的词汇。如果有需要,可以细化你的分类。

  7. Create the same vocabulary tree in your native language.

  用母语绘制同样的树状图。

  8. Your native language tree will be much more detailed. Use this native language tree as a reference point to look up new words and fill in your English tree.

  母语的树状图会更详细些。用母语树形图作为参考,寻找新的单词填充英文树形图。

  9. Rewrite your introductory essay concerning the subject taking advantage of the new vocabulary learned.

  重写上面的介绍短文,用上新学的单词。

  10. To make this vocabulary active, practice reading your essay aloud until you can present it by memory.

  要想自如使用这些新单词,大声朗读你的短文直到可以背诵。

  11. Ask a friend or fellow classmate to listen to your presentation and ask you questions about the subject.

  找一个朋友听你的短文,并针对这个话题向你提问。

  Tips:贴士

  1. Remember that vocabulary goes from passive knowledge to active knowledge - this means that you need to repeat a word often before it becomes active vocabulary.

  记住背单词都有一个从消极词汇到积极词汇的过程,即死记硬背到熟练掌握的过程,这就意味着要想熟练掌握一个单词,你要反复地记忆。

  2. Be patient with yourself, it takes time for this process to work.

  对自己有耐心,这个过程需要时间。

  3. Try to always learn vocabulary in groups of words instead of random lists. In this manner, words are related to each other and are more likely to remembered over the long-term.

  试着从词句间学习新单词,而不要对着词汇表学习。这样,学到的词汇就可以互相联系,也更能够长时记忆。

  简单有效的英语单词记忆法

  1读音记忆

  根据字母组合、读音规则进行记忆,会读一个单词,便会拼写出来。外来语:中文中有许多词来自英语,这些词的发音近似英语。

  如:tank坦克,jeep吉普车,coffee咖啡

  2歌诀记忆

  如:new新的;门[n]前一只鹅[e],曲颈向天歌,借问哪里去,直奔小山坡[w] 。

  chair椅子:小汽车 c a r, h i来 中间插,你和我坐上去,兜兜风真潇洒。

  区分am are is的用法 :我用am, 你用are, is用于他,她,它,以上主语是单数,一个以上是复数,复数主语用are。

  我用have,你用have,has用于他,她,它,以上主语是单数,复数主语用have。

  3睡眠记忆

  晚上睡前读两遍要记的单词,然后睡觉,第二天醒来后再读两遍,这样记忆效果不错。(一般上午9-11点,下午3-4点,晚上7-10点记忆力比较好)

  4感官记忆

  记单词时,不要只用一种感官,尽可能地用多个感官,耳听、嘴读、手写、眼看、心记等。(多动手写)

  5复习记忆

  记住了的单词,过段时间不看,就忘记了,所以每隔一段时间要 进行复习,巩固所学单词,反复记忆。

  6整体记忆

  把几个字母看作一个整体来记 如: “ow” 再加上不同的字母,可组成how(怎么样,如何), cow(奶牛), now(现在), down(下), know (知道)”等;

  “ight”,再在前面加上不同的字母,可组成eight(8), right(右,正确的), night(晚上),等。“ear”,在前面加上不同的字母可组成bear(熊),pear(梨)

  7形象记忆(联想记忆)

  英语的一部分单词和汉语一样,起源于像形,每个字母

  都有其代表的含义。

  如:orange,突出了橘子的圆形(o),lion突出了狮子的长长的尾巴(l)如:“tree”把tr看成树干和树枝,把ee看成树叶。

  “eye” 把两个e看成两个眼,中间的y是鼻子。“banana ”把a看成一个个的香蕉。“bird” 把b和d看成两个翅膀,glass玻璃:哥(g)拉(la)两条蛇(ss),

  Welcome欢迎 :我们[we]招手(l)来[come] 欢迎·····等等。又如Zoo看起来有点像200,我们就说200只动物在动物园

  8加法记忆

  如:hand(手)+bag(包)=handbag (手提包);sun(太阳)+glasses (眼镜)=sunglasses (太阳镜) Rain(雨)+coat(外套)=raincoat(雨衣), class+room=classroom

  9分类记忆

  把单词进行分类,如:颜色:green 绿色 grey 灰色 文具: pen 钢笔 pencial :铅笔 动物 :shark 鲨鱼 crab 螃蟹 食品 :bread 面包 cake :蛋糕

  10对比记忆法

  英语和汉语一样,英语中也有许多同义词,反义词,同形异义词和

  同音异形异义词等。

  例如:(1)反义词:high—low , big—small, quick—slow, right—wrong, right-left good—bad, fat---thin, hot—cold up-down 等 同形异义词: right(正确)—right(右边的), watch(看)—watch(手表),

  orange(橙色的)—orange(橙子)等


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