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考研英语:图表作文怎么搞定?

栏目分类:英语培训机构   发布日期:2019-07-05   浏览次数:

图表作文对于准备考研英语一的学生而言十分关键,当然参加考研英语一的同学也不能放任,万事皆有可能。

今天,小编就带大家看看与考研英语图表作文有关的小知识,帮助你们搞定它!

图表作文分类

1. 解决问题型

2. 良性趋势型

3. 争议话题型

图表作文写作步骤

Directions:Write an essay based on the following chart.In your writing you should

1) interpret the chart,and

2) give your comments

举例说明图表作文写作步骤

第一段:描述数据

1)总体描述

This is a (set of) simple but informative chart(s),which explicitly illustrate(s) the changes in American population and the number of species in the past centuries / the degrees of different age groups of employees’ satisfaction with their jobs in a certain company / the changes in the market share of some brands in Chinese auto market in the past years /the situation of students taking part-time jobs in a particular university.

关于图表的词汇:

图表:chart,graph

条形图:bar chart

柱状图:column chart

曲线图:curve chart

折线图:broken line chart

饼状图:pie chart

表格:table

2)具体细节

①内容上一般1-3句,写出主要的或者有代表性的数据。注意避免数据过多或者机械罗列。

②句法上常用一般过去时,可用复杂简单句(即用分词短语、介词短语等作定语或状语)、并列句(如用while连接两个句子)等。

A.动态变化型

As can be seen in it,the U.S. population soared from a little more than zero in 1800 to 240 million in 1990,while the number of species that have become extinct rose from none in 1600 to 70 in 1900.

关于增减和幅度的表达:

增加/上升:increase,grow,expand,rise,go up,soar,rocket,jump

减少/下降:decrease,drop,decline,fall,go down,drive

大幅度的:dramatic,drastic,sharp,marked,remarkable,striking,notable,significant,considerable

小幅度的:slight,gradual,ssteady

B.静态分布型

As can be seen in it,the expenditure basically falls into four categories:new year gifts account for 40%;traffic makes up 20%;meals compose another 20%,and the rest constitutes the last 20%.

第二段:发表评论

1)点名寓意

Evidently,the chart is aimed at drawing people’s attention to environmental protection.

Obviously,the chart is meant to reveal problems existing with the management of the company.

Apparently,the chart refers to the fact that homemade cars are gaining population in China.

Apparently,the chart reveals the fact that an increasing number of college students are involved in part-time jobs.

2)详细陈述

①分析原因

A. 解决问题型

(环保)

A number of factors may account for the phenomenon revealed by the chart,but the following might be the critical ones.A fundamental cause,I believe,is the fast expanding economy.

Due to the need to develop agriculture and industry to meet the needs of increasing human population,man has occupied,destroyed or polluted the living space of other species.Another leading reason is the fact that relevant laws or regulations do not exist or are not severe enough.Therefore,some people kill wild animals for money without any fear. Last but not least,there has been a lack of relevant education in this field.

B. 良性趋势型

(国产车)

A number of factors may account for the phenomenon revealed by the chart,but the following might be the critical ones.A fundamental cause,I believe,is the fast developing science and technology in China,which has considerably lowered the price of homemade cars and improved their quality at the same time.

Another leading reason is the fact that the government has taken measures to encourage the development of national auto industry. Last but not least,people have attached more importance to supporting native products.

② 陈述利弊

In fact,the phenomenon revealed by the chart has both advantages and disadvantages.On the one hand,it has brought along a number of benefits.Undertaking part-time jobs can not only provide students with opportunities to learn about society but also alleviate their parents’ financial burden.

第三段:总结、建议

1)解决问题型

(公司员工满意度)

In view of the seriousness of the problem,effective measure must be taken before things get worse.In the first place,it is imperative that the management of the company should lead the whole staff to drag the company out of the present trouble.

2)良性趋势型

(国产车)

In view of the benefits of the tendency,effective measures must be taken maintain it.In the first place,it is imperative that pertinent policies should be worked out and implemented to further support national car industry.In the second place,a deep-going,widespread and ever-lasting campaign should be launched to enhance people’s awareness of supporting native goods.Only with these measures taken can we expect a brighter future.

3)争议话题型

(大学生做兼职)

To sum up,college students taking part-time job should be viewed as a two-edged sword,which presents both benefits and troubles.But we should not give up eating for fear of choking.The best policy,as I see it,is to maximize its advantages and eliminate its unhealthy influence,so that it can serve us in a better way.


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