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转变思维“讲故事”,托福口语巧突破

栏目分类:小学英语培训   发布日期:2019-05-25   浏览次数:

 

托福口语共有6 tasks,其中的task 1task 2,也称为independent tasks,是最考验考生口语能力的两题。

In task 1, you need to express and defend a personal choice from a given category. Preparation time: 15 seconds, response time: 45 seconds.

In task 2, you need to defend a personal choice between two contrasting behaviors or courses of action. Preparation time: 15 seconds, response time: 45 seconds.

 

 

 

由于其题目的高度开放性和灵活性,加之只有短短15秒的准备时间和45秒的回答时间,使之成为了众多考生的噩梦。尤其是当遇到一些平日不太熟悉的话题,更是连用中文都难以说好。事实上,面对那些看似无从说起或无话可说的题目,我们真正要做的是转变思维,从绞尽脑汁想观点,答问题,变成轻松自然侃大山,讲故事。 

举个Task 1的例子:Students have to complete various types of academic assignments in school. Choose one of the assignments below and explain why you think it is beneficial for students. 1. Research paper;2. Class presentation;3.Group project. 这道题目要求考生在三种作业形式中,挑选认为对学生有益的一种,并加以解释。 

假设这位学生选定“group project”,如果沿用传统的问答题思路,考生必须阐述“group project”这个概念的优缺点、益处、和学生的关系等等。如此一来,这道题目就变得极难回答。 

 

这时候我们不妨转变思路,将观点故事化,生动化。具体步骤如下: 

Step1:快速确定“main reasons”。一般来说,我们只需要快速想出12个合理且简单明了的主要原因即可。说到“group project,最容易想到的就team spirit, cooperation, learning from others, etc. Easy right? 不过,想要把这些通俗的原因说的生动饱满,必须要再进一步。  

Step 2: 创造“story”。这一步是最核心,也是最考验功力的步骤。Let's say "group projects" are beneficial because students can learn "team spirit". 这时候,千万不要去生硬的谈论什么是“team spirit”,或者“team spirit”的价值内涵。相反,我们只需要在这里描述一个“group project”的经历即可,最好是personal experience 

Step3:“添油加醋”,绘声绘色。讲好一个故事,“添油加醋”、“渲染气氛”是不可或缺的。何况Task 1的本质不是问答题,答案没有对错,只有好坏。

 

回到本题,我们完全在答案中增添一些想象出来的,但却丰富生动的细节,比如group project的科目,group的人数,完成时间,最后结果等等。 

OK,经过以上三步,一篇优秀的Task 1口语作答就呼之欲出了。Here comes the sample answer:  

Well, among these 3 types of academic assignments, I think "group projects" benefits students the most. 

Because, tome, it is one of the best ways to learn to have "team spirit" . 

When I was in grade 10, we needed to do a group project for a very hard physics experiment, and that was the first time I did an assignment in group. I remember that we had 8 group members, and each of us was assigned a certain job, and we also had daily group meetings so that we could put everything together and help review each other's work. 

Then 2 weeks later, not only did our group complete the assignment on time, but also achieved a full score. 

That was really amazing, and it would definitely not have been impossible if I did it alone. 

Since then, I have realized the importance of team spirit, and that's why I have chosen "group project" as the type of assignment that is most beneficial for students. 

 

See,这个范例答案,理由通俗易懂,遣词造句简单明了,更重要的是,这个答案讲述了一个生动形象,丰富饱满的故事。其实,答案中的红体字部分大都是“杜撰”得来,but it doesn't matter.如此详细而充满细节的回答,绝对能使其在一众充斥大话空话的模板式回答中脱颖而出,拿到高分。 

 

OK,最后,给大家出一道同样也被众多考生视为“题霸”的一道Task 2 question: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To protect the health of young children, advertisements for candy and junk food should not be shown on television. Use specific reasons and details in your response. 

提示:千万不要深陷“广告”,“电视”,或“儿童健康”等复杂概念。Instead, you should turn around and try to come up with a personal story. 

期待你的优秀答案哦!

 

作者简介:

Brad Wang/王博

vipjr青少儿英语应试讲师

美国华盛顿大学硕士

特立独行的英语达人

校园电台英语主播

资深英语培训教师


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