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小学英语语法知识汇总

栏目分类:小学英语培训   发布日期:2019-05-25   浏览次数:

虽然说小学英语的学习是英语学习的初级阶段,但是决不可看轻小学英语学习对整个英语学习的影响力,尤其是在小学阶段接触的英语语法知识。在小学阶段,英语的学习中还是有很多的英语语法知识需要大家谨记的,下面就为大家带来关于小学英语语法知识汇总。

 

(一) to be句型

用于介绍个人情况如姓名、健康状况、身份、国籍、家庭成员、朋友、职业等,描述地点、颜色、四季、日期、星期几等。

该句型广泛分布于各教材之中:

1. Is she quiet? No, she isn't. She is very active.

2. Is she strict? Yes, she is, but she's very kind.

3. What day is it today? It's Wednesday.

4. Where is the cinema, please? It's next to the hospital.

5. How tall are you? I'm 164 cm tall.

6. You are shorter than me.

7.You're 4 cm taller than me.

8.How heavy are you? I'm 48 kg.

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(二) there be句型

表示存在,即:“某处有某物”或“某时有某事”。

句型基本结构为:There is+ 可数名词单数或不可数名词+时间或地点。There are+可数名词复数+地点。

1.There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.

2. There is a mirror, a bed and a big closet.

3. Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is.

4. Is there a river? No, there isn't.

5. Are there any pandas in the mountains? No, there aren't.

(三)  现在进行时句型

表示说话时正在进行的动作或事件,或在短期内正在进行的动作或存在的情况。

标志词是:now 也常用在Look! Listen! 等后面。句型主要结构为:be动词(am, is, are)+动词现在分词(v. ing)

1.Grandpa is writing a letter. Brother is doing homework. Mom is cooking dinner in the kitchen.

2. He is writing an e-mail in the study.

3. What is it doing ? It's eating bananas.

4. What is she doing ? She's jumping.

5. What are they doing ? They're swimming. They're climbing trees.

6. Are you eating lunch? No, we aren't.

7. Are they eating the honey? Yes, they are.

 

(四) 一般过去时句型

表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作或情况。

句型基本结构为:主语+动词过去式+其他。标志词通常是:yesterday, last week , last year 等,在问句与否定句中要用助动词did

1.What did you do last weekend? I played football.

2. Did you help them clean their room? Yes, I did.

3.What did you do yesterday? I went fishing.

4. Did you read books? Yes, I did.

5. Did you clean your room? No, I didn't.

6.Where did you go on your holiday? I went to Xinjiang.

7. What did you do there? I sang and danced with my new friends.

以上就是整理的关于小学英语语法知识汇总的相关介绍,不管是对新知识的认知还是在对旧知识的复习,希望都能够对大家有所帮助。不积跬步无以至千里,英语的学习也是一样的道理。把基础打好,一步一脚印的向前行进,相信最终的胜利会是你的。


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