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强调句型讲解和注意事项

栏目分类:小学英语培训   发布日期:2019-05-24   浏览次数:

“强调”句是强调句子的某一部分内容,使其比一般情况下显得更加重要。在英语的表达中,要强调某一部分一般都是要用强调句型“It is (was) +that (who) +句子的其余部分”。It在句子里没有实际意义,只是引出被强调的部分。被强调的部分指的是人时,要用that外,或者换用who(强调宾语表示人时也可用whom)。下面vipjr在线英语学习小编就英语中使用强调句型时需要注意的事项给大家具体分析一下。

英语技巧

一、去掉强调结构It is (was) … that(who)…后,剩下的词语仍能组成一个意思完整的句子。这是判断是不是强调句型的关键。比较以下两句话:

1. It is strange that he didn’t come yesterday.

2. It is you and Tom that didn’t come yesterday.

显然,句1去掉It is…that …后,句子结构已经不够完整,是主语从句;句2去掉It is… that …后,句子变为you and Tom did  not come yesterday. 仍是一个意思表达完整的句子,这就是一个强调句。

二、强调句句型举例,用例子解析强调句。

1. 陈述句的强调句型:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。

例如: It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

2. 一般疑问句的强调句型:同上,只是把is/ was提到it前面。

例如: Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?

3. 特殊疑问句的强调句型:被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其他部分?

例如: When and where was it that you were born?

4. 强调句例句:针对I met Li Ming at the railway station yesterday.句子进行强调。

强调主语:It was I that (who) met Li Ming at the railway station yesterday.

强调宾语:It was Li Ming that I met at the railway station yesterday.

强调地点状语:It was at the railway station that I met Li Ming yesterday.

强调时间状语:It was yesterday that I met Li Ming at the railway station.

英语技巧

三、如果要强调时间、地点、原因或方式状语时,不可用when ,where, why或how,而仍用that。试比较:

It was because of the accident why he was late. (误), 

It was because of the accident that he was late. (正)。

四、注意强调句型的否定句和疑问句形式,在这方面很容易因弄不清句子结构而错选。

1. I just wonder ____that makes him so excited.

A. why it doesB. what he doesC. howit isD. what it is

答案D。正常语序的强调句型容易看出,但要注意它的变体。如果把该题变换一下语序:it is what that makes him so excited,不难看出这是强调句型的特殊疑问句形式,强调了疑问代词what,因为wonder后宾语从句,故用了陈述语序。

五、强调主语时,that或who后面的谓语动词的形式仍然取决于原来句子中的主语;be的变化只有is和was两种形式,如果要表示现在时将来时的其它各种形式时,就用It is…, 表达过去时的各种形式时,用It was….一般要与谓语动词的时态一致。如:

1. It is I who/ that am an English teacher.

2. It is the boy who/ that speaks English best in the class.

3. It was on Sunday that he gave George this ticket.

4. It is the little girl who/ that has broken the glass.

关于强调句型讲解和注意事项的问题,vipjr在此为您做了一次细致的讲解,希望您在平时的生活交际或者学习过程中能够用到,让生活和学习充满高高的“正确率”。


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