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2019中考英语被动语态知识点总结

栏目分类:初中英语培训   发布日期:2019-05-21   浏览次数:

英语的被动语态方面是很重要的,下面小编就为大家来整理一下2019中考英语被动语态知识点总结。

2019中考英语被动语态知识点总结

1被动被动语态的结构

His bicycle was stolen.

The building has been built in 2000.

通过上面的例句,可以看出,“被动被动语态”的构成是:

be + 过去分词 + (by+动作执行者)

1被动被动语态定义

被动被动语态(passive voice)是动词的一种形式,用以说明主语与谓语动词之间的关系。

使用被动被动语态应注意的几个问题:

1. 不及物动词无被动被动语态。  What will happen in 100 years.   The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago.

2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。This pen writes well.  This new book sells well.

3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动被动语态中不带to,但变为被动被动语态时,须加上to。   

例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something  

see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something   

The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss.

4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词,这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。   He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him.   He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him.

5. 一些动词短语用于被动被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。   We can’t laugh at him. →He can’t be laughed at by us.

1被动被动语态的用法

1. 一般现在时的被动被动语态构成:is / am / are + 及物动词的过去分词   Our classroom is cleaned everyday.

2. 一般过去时的被动被动语态构成:was / were + 及物动词的过去分词   A new shop was built last year.

3. 现在完成时的被动被动语态构成:has / have + been + 及物动词的过去分词   This book has been translated into many languages.

4. 一般将来时的被动被动语态构成:will+ be + 及物动词的过去分词     Many more trees will be planted next year.

5. 含有情态动词的被动被动语态构成:情态动词+ be + 及物动词的过去分词   Young trees must be watered often.

以上就是初三网小编为大家整理的2019中考英语被动语态知识点总结 。


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